.:Background

Energy is the backbone of our daily activities. Without energy cars would not run, our food sources would plummet, businesses would seize to operate, and the entertainment industry would go crashing down. Fossil fuels have been the main source of our energy, however, fossil fuels will run out in the next 50 to 120 years. They also release polluting chemicals and carbon dioxide in the air that cause health and safety concerns and contribute to climate change. The solution to this problem has been uncovered. Biofuels and biochemicals are created from biomass, which is organic material that stores sunlight in the form of chemical energy. Biofuels and biochemicals are renewable, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, deduct the importation cost for international natural resource trade, and stimulates economic growth.

.:Overview

Biofuels and Chemicals are produced through a network of processes. First, the Biomass produced by crops or bio waste is obtained. Next, the biomass is transferred to a facility that specializes in the conversion of biomass to useable biofuels and biochemicals. The most common conversions performed at these conversion facilities are biochemical conversions and thermochemical conversions. Finally, this new energy source is transported and distributed.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

 

Compared to today's fossil fuels, ethanol a biofuel commonly produced from corn, dramatically reduces the environmentally harmful greenhouse gas emissions. Ethanol produced from cellulosic waste materials result in even lower greenhouse gas emissions.